Part 1: Entry Points

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Advance Preparation

Video Vignettes: The video clips used in Unit 4 may be found on this Web site.

Activity 1A: Snapshots

Images of Youth Art in Juvenile Justice

Artistic Noise (Boston)

Artistic Noise (New York)

Children's Prison Art Project, Harris County, Texas

Artists' Statements

The artists who created some of the images listed above developed "artist's statements that frame some of their work.

Identifying Systemic Issues

A New Era in California Juvenile Justice: Downsizing the State Youth Corrections System. Berkeley Center for Criminal Justice and National Council on Crime and Delinquency. October 2010.

Video Vignettes of Juveniles in the Court System

Video 1: Snapshots (12:04)

Calamari Productions

Ordering information for educational media produced by Calamari in both long- and short-form vignettes may be found here:

Activity 1B: Still a Child?

Information on the American Bar Association’s stance on adolescents and culpability:

“Adolescence, Brain Development and Legal Culpability – Cruel and Unusual Punishment: The Juvenile Death Penalty.” Juvenile Justice Center, American Bar Association. January 2004.

Resources on current adolescent brain research:

“Inside the Teenage Brain.” Frontline. Public Broadcasting Service. Includes full program for online viewing, video clips, articles, and interactive diagrams.

Begley, Sharon. “Getting Inside A Teen Brain.” Newsweek. February 28, 2000.

Giedd, J., Blumenthal, J., Jeffries, N., Castellanos, F., Liu, H., Zijdenbos, A., Paus, T., Evans, A. & Rapoport, J. (1999) "Brain development during childhood and adolescence: a longitudinal MRI study", Nature Neuroscience. 10, pp. 861-863. Full text available for download for a fee or a subscription.

Activity 1C: Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System

Resources on juvenile status offenders:

Juvenile Status Offenders and Their Families. (117:37) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Videoconference presented on ____ in conjunction with the American Bar Association's Commission on Youth at Risk and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Family and Youth Services Bureau.

“Juvenile Status Offenders: Constraints on Judicial Powers.”

Information on the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) and efforts to Deinstitutionalize Status Offenders (DSO):

“Improving Outcomes For Status Offenders in the JJDPA Reauthorization.” Juvenile and Family Justice Today. Summer 2010.

Kelly, John. “South Struggles with JJDPA Compliance in ’09; What About the Rest of the Country?” April 29, 2010. Youth Today. American Youth Work Center.

Activity 1D: Using Discretion

Optional Extension: Student Simulation

Activity 1F: Choosing a Course of Action

Source: Allen, Terrence T. (2005, June). Taking a juvenile into custody: Situational factors that influence police officers’ decisions. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 32(2),121–125.

Paperless Option: California Codes

Activity 1G: Reflecting on Juvenile Arrests

Unit 2: The Legal System in Action from Foundations in Law
After logging in, click on the Complete Unit PDF to access Activity 2D: What Do the Numbers Say?

Juvenile Arrests: Selected facts

Easy Access to FBI Arrest Statistics

Optional Activity: Discretion and Racial Profiling